This is an ongoing list of wars fought in 2022. For clarity, I will use the definition from the Upsalla Conflict Data Programme, a leading authority on wars and conflicts.
A war must:
- be an armed conflict between states and armed groups involving military and paramilitary units.
- have over 1,000+ battle-related casualties in a given calendar year.
The broader definition of ‘armed conflicts’ includes insurgencies and smaller-scale clashes. All wars are armed conflicts, but not all armed conflicts are wars.
This list does not include:
- insurgencies spread across multiple countries whose casualties exceed 1,000.
- wars whose casualties have not yet exceeded 1,000 in 2022. I will update, as these occur.
For a full list of ongoing wars, see Wikipedia or Worldpopulation Review.
Today, not all wars are as clear-cut as state conflicts were in the past, where one country fought another. Most are civil wars between governments and arrays of competing rebel groups. As most deaths go unreported, I have taken the highest average estimates. The casualties below are rounded to the nearest 1,000.
Burmese Civil War (Myanmar Conflict)
- Since 1948. Civil war involving Burmese government and rebel groups. 16,000 + casualties
War in Afghanistan
- Since 1978. Civil war involving Taliban government, Islamic State and other rebel groups. 3,000+ casualties.
- Since 1964. Insurgency involving Colombian government, rebel groups and drug cartels. 2,000+ casualties.
Somali Civil War
- Since 1991. Civil war involving Somali government (with US, UK, Turkish and Italian support), Al-Qaeda and Islamic State. 5,000+ casualties.
Allied Democratic Forces insurgency.
- Since 1991. Insurgency involving the Ugandan and Congolese governments and the ‘Allied Democratic Forces’, a Ugandan rebel group. 3,000+ casualties.
War in Darfur
- Since 2003. Civil war involving Sudanese government (with Belarussian and Libyan support) and rebel groups (with South Sudanese support). 1000+ dead.
Mexican Drug War
- Since 2006. Drug war involving Mexican government and drug cartels. 6,000+ casualties.
Syrian Civil War
- Since 2011. Civil war involving Syrian government (with Russian and Iranian support) and rebel groups. 4,000 + casualties.
Nigerian bandit conflict
- Since 2011. Civil war involving Nigerian government, bandit gangs and rebel groups. 2,000+ casualties.
- Since 2012. Civil war involving Malinese government, rebel groups and Al-Qaeda. 4,000+ casualties.
Yemeni Civil War
- Since 2014. Civil war between Yemeni government (with Saudi, US and UAE support) and Houthi Rebels (with Iranian support). 6,000 + casualties.
Civil wars in Ethiopia
- Since 2018, including Tigray War. Civil war between Ethiopian government (with Eritrean support) and Tigray rebels, Sudan and Al-Qaeda. 100,000 + casualties.
- Since 2022. Inter-state war between Russia and Ukraine. 156,000 + casualties.
Sources: Uppsala Conflict Data Programme, Wikipedia (lists sources for casualty counts), World Population Review